An ophthalmologist – Eye M.D. – is a medical or osteopathic doctor who specializes in eye and vision care. Ophthalmologists are specially trained to provide the full spectrum of eye care, from prescribing glasses and contact lenses to complex and delicate eye surgery. Many ophthalmologists are also involved in scientific research into the causes and cures for eye diseases and vision problems.
After four years of college and eight additional years of medical education and training, a certified ophthalmologist must pass a rigorous two-part examination given by the American Board of Ophthalmology.
While all ophthalmologists specialize in eye problems and can treat all conditions, some decide to specialize in a specific area of medical or surgical eye care. This person is called a subspecialist. He or she usually completes a fellowship, which is one or two more years of additional training in the chosen area. Common areas of subspecialty include glaucoma, retina, cornea, pediatrics and plastic surgery.
The Neuro ophthalmology primarily focuses on a large number of optic nerve disorders and neurological disorders. These disorders are connected with ophthalmic diseases. A number of eye disorders are linked with neurologic diseases like strokes, brain tumors and multiple sclerosis. It also deals with many visual problems such as double vision and blurred vision. Neuro Ophthalmology involves neurosurgery, neurology, Neuroradiology and ophthalmology. Generally Neuro-ophthalmology disorders requires communication with physicians, Neuro-ophthalmologists, radiologists, neurosurgeons and specifically general neurologists.